Calaveras Cannabis Farmers File Class Action Lawsuit Over Cultivation Ban

A rural California county that placed a significant bet on a cannabis green rush–only to later impose a ban after shooting in millions in taxes from cannabis farmers–faces a massive collection demand from growers wanting their money back.

Two of California’s most powerful cannabis attorneys have a filed class action lawsuit on behalf of former cultivators in Calaveras County who are demanding the return of $16.3 million in taxes and fees. Many farmers were forced out of business by the county ban.

The lawsuit is the latest chapter in a long, chaotic saga that may well be dubbed the Great Calaveras Cannabis Debacle.

Seventy miles north of Sacramento, Calaveras County is a depressed former Gold Rush hamlet of 45,000 people, where local industries including mining, a cement plant, and sawmills long past shuttered.

In 2015, the county was devastated by wildfire that destroyed 860 homes. Unauthorized cannabis farms soon bloomed beneath charred oaks and pines as marijuana speculators snatched up devalued properties. A receptive Board of Supervisors passed a pro-cultivation ordinance that sought to generate cash for the county’s economic recovery when controlling the local industry and capping the influx of unauthorized growers.

By a June 2016 registration deadline, Calaveras had collected $3.7 million in $5,000-per-farm registration fees from over 700 cannabis cultivators. Five months later, voters heartily approved an initiative, Measure C, to impose cultivation taxes of $2 per square foot on outdoor farms and $5 per square foot on indoor gardens. The county would eventually collect $12.3 million in cultivation taxes, using the money to fund county programs, including new hires of sheriff’s deputies and code enforcement officers for cannabis regulation.

“It is time for light to be shone on the bait and switch of the Calaveras County Commercial Cannabis program.”

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But in the same 2016 election, residents also rejected another initiative, Measure D, which would have sweetened local cultivation rules. They also voted in new managers, who were decidedly hostile to cannabis.

Last October, as the county was collecting on cultivation tax bills and farm registration fees, supervisors voted 3–2 to impose a total ban on marijuana production, effective spring 2018. In early June, infuriated cannabis growers invited out media members as they destroyed valuable plants before they were ready for harvest.

Instead the class action charges that the county violated the California Business and Professional Code by erroneously collecting taxes and fees on growers before California cannabis regulations and licensing requirements went into effect Jan. 1, 2018.

Wykowski and Panzer are huge names in California cannabis law and politics. Wykowski represented Oakland’s Harborside dispensary in a successful legal challenge into a federal property seizure and is a leading tax lawyer in challenging Internal Revenue Service actions against marijuana businesses. Panzer, a prominent criminal defense lawyer in cannabis cases, helped writer California’s 1996 Proposition 215 medical marijuana initiative, the first successful statewide cannabis step in the nation.

In a statement accompanying the lawsuit, filed in Calaveras County Superior Court on August 3, lead plaintiff Andrew Greer said: “Calaveras County required the registered farms to follow a specific and rigorous set of rules to function. … This is a case of taxation without representation. It is time for light to be shone on the bait and switch of the Calaveras County Commercial Cannabis program. ”

Greer, CEO of a company called Golden State Herb, is one of two individual plaintiffs in the suit, along with fellow former Calaveras cultivator Adam Ray. The suit seeks financial damages on behalf of all growers who paid taxes and fees to the county.

“Despite having dutifully paid the taxes and registration fees (to the county) in anticipation of State of California cannabis licenses in 2018, and in anticipation of the ability to legally cultivate thereafter, zero growers are now able to cultivate cannabis within the county,” the lawsuit states.

The Calaveras County Counsel’s office, which declined comment on the action, told Leafly Thursday that county officials still hadn’t officially been served with the suit.

The county announced in June that it was facing a $9.2 million budget shortage , a shortfall worsened by loss of future cannabis revenues. The county is considering raising local hotel taxes to offset the impact.

The vitriol over the cannabis issue in the county was personified by Supervisor Dennis Mills, a fiery opponent of regulation who led last year’s 3–2 vote for the ban. Founded in 2016, Mills asserted that his constituents, who rejected California’s Proposition 64 adult use legalization measure, saw the influx of marijuana farms as a threat to the county’s rural character and security.

Marijuana was one of the issues. And I told them outright. ”

Mills was united in the ban vote by Supervisors Gary Tofanelli and Clyde Clapp. Cannabis advocates later tried and failed to recall Mills and Tofanelli. Clapp faces an election challenge in November after finishing a close second in the June primary to Ben Stopper, who argued the ban could force deep cuts in the county workforce and services.

Released at Fri, 17 Aug 2018 22:14:11 +0000

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