Schizophrenia May Lead To Cannabis Use, Not the Other Way Around

Schizophrenia May Lead To Cannabis Use, Not the Other Way Around

Researchers found that the evidence supporting the theory that schizophrenia can be caused by cannabis use was “rdquo & feeble;–but found strong support for the idea that schizophrenia may cause or increase cannabis use.

People struggling with schizophrenia might try to alleviate their symptoms.

“Our findings might indicate that people at risk for developing schizophrenia” experience symptoms “which make them more likely to start using cannabis to deal or self-medicate,” wrote the study’s authors.

The report, which included contributions from over 80 researchers around the world, was based on the genetic study of cannabis use ever undertaken.

Scientists have long suspected a connection between schizophrenia and cannabis use. But the study remains unclear about a possible causal connection between the two.

The Nature Neuroscience study was based on gene testing of over 184,000 people, including 22,000 clients of 23andMe, the private health and ancestry company. The research was coordinated by the International Cannabis Consortium, a project to identify hereditary risk variables for cannabis use.

Past studies have demonstrated that genetic risk factors for cannabis use and schizophrenia are positively correlated,” the authors mentioned.

Generally speaking, those studies have indicated that cannabis use by young people doesn’t itself cause schizophrenia–the evidence has pointed more to a dynamic where cannabis use can accelerate the emergence of the mental disorder among those that have a genetic predisposition to the disease. That’because studies have shown that the schizophrenia manifests in a individual & rsquo; s life s an especially critical concern, the harder it is to control and effectively manage.

In the present association study, researchers confirmed a “rdquo & important correlation; between schizophrenia and cannabis use. But rather than cannabis causing the early emergence of schizophrenia, the scientists discovered causation moving in the opposite direction: The emergence of schizophrenia, they wrote, led to a greater probability of cannabis use.

Why? One theory is that people struggling with early signs of schizophrenia might try to calm their brain and alleviate other symptoms by consuming cannabis.

“Our findings might indicate that people at risk for developing schizophrenia may experience prodromal symptoms”–in other words, early signs of the illness –“or adverse affect that make them more likely to start using cannabis to deal or self-medicate,” the report says.

The study also found correlations between other lifetime attributes and cannabis consumption. Researchers discovered genetic correlations between use and:

The authors of the study suggest a number of theories for all those correlations. Cannabis use is associated with childhood family that was higher status in the United States, for instance–so those who are inclined to consume cannabis also often have more household resources to support them on a path resulting in higher education and income. The authors suggest that people raised in families of higher socioeconomic status may have increased access.

One of the parts of the research indicated a positive correlation between & ldquo , risk-taking behaviour, and cannabis use;openness to experience. ” Openness to risk and new adventures are although the authors don’t acknowledge it–traits that can cause success in education and income.

Caveat Emptor

The Nature Neuroscience research isn’t perfect, and it won’t be the final word on the subject. Even though the research was the largest of its type to date, it had some significant flaws. Individuals in the study were separated into two overly simplified categories: non-users and cannabis users. Individuals and light consumers who might have tried a few puffs in college were lumped together with heavy daily consumers from the “rdquo & cannabis users; group.

Also, there was no differentiation in types of cannabis use. In the United States, medical marijuana is legal in 30 states and used to alleviate ailments that are acute. Cannabis is also enjoyed as a societal intoxicant by millions of non-patients. None of those differences has been taken into account.

The study’s authors play with terms like &cannabis use disorder; ldquo & rdquo; and & ldquo;cannabis-dependent people,” like every man who ever used cannabis is dependent or the victim of a disease. The study also notes that cannabis use “is associated with various adverse mental health outcomes, including psychosis and schizophrenia,” but the authors make no mention of cannabis use and positive health outcomes, including the treatment of chronic pain, PTSD, epilepsy, and several other conditions recognized by many nations around the nation.

Released at Mon, 27 Aug 2018 21:52:19 +0000

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